There are various ways to apply the If statement. This is extremely valuable in many situations as we will see in the examples later in this tutorial. ... 1 = 0 Then MsgBox "one of the conditions is true." If you have alphanumeric strings in cells and you want to extract the numeric part from it, you can do that using the below code: This code will create a custom function in Excel that can use within the worksheet (just like a regular function). Try and tell if this worked or not. In this example we will evaluate a single cell. Sub sb1_IFCondition() … That’s why there is an ElseIf condition. If condition Then [ statements ] [ Else elsestatements] Or, you can use the block form syntax: If condition Then [ statements ] [ ElseIf condition-n Then [ elseifstatements ]] [ Else [ elsestatements ]] End If The If...Then...Elsestatement syntax has these parts. Tags for this Thread. To use If and Or statement excel, you need to apply a similar formula as you have applied for If & And with the only difference is that if any of the condition is true then it will show you True. The first way will work, but it’s not the elegant one. You can also use similar codes when checking when the value is not equal to a specified value in the VBA code. IF Statement If .. Then. An If statement followed by one or more ElseIf statements that consists of boolean expressions and then followed by a default else statement, which executes when all the condition becomes false. Else MsgBox "none of the conditions are true." Hence you need to use the End IF statement. It uses the For Next loop to go through the collection of all the open workbooks and checks the name using the IF condition. It checks the name of each worksheet and hides it if it’s not the active worksheet. The first syntax is a simple one-line IF THEN ELSE statement where you don’t need to use the END IF statement. Let’s look at a simple example: 1 If Range("a2").Value > 0 Then … Now theoretical explanation is enough, even if you did not understand anything nothing to worry. In case there is a VBA code in any of the workbooks and you haven’t saved it as .xls or .xlsm, you will see a warning (as the vba codes are lost when you save it in .xlsx format). One line statement is perfect if you are using the IF-Then statement. This As a coder, whether novice or experienced, hopefully you agree that this is one of the most common coding tasks. By Ada01 in forum Excel General Replies: 4 Last Post: 11-19-2009, 10:26 AM. Excel Programming / VBA / Macros; Multiple Conditions with If Statements in VBA; Results 1 to 9 of 9 Multiple Conditions with If Statements in VBA. Excel Personal Macro Workbook | Save & Use Macros in All Workbooks. However, when you have multiple dependent conditions, you can use the AND or OR statement with the IF conditions. LinkBack. In case you have multiple conditions to check, you can use: Let me show you how these differ and how to use this in Excel VBA. Now, all the co… Nested If statements. Let’s take the same example of using a student’s score. The above code (that we saw in the previous section) can be further optimized by using the ElseIf statement. You can also write this same code with a slight change (using OR instead of AND). Syntax: If Then It is a simple Condition to check an expression, if the condition is True it will execute the Statement. Note that when we use a single line of IF Then statement, we don’t need to use End IF. Here, you have a lot of code and when you have to close the IF condition this is not going to be In the above code, only when both Condition1 and Condition2 are met, the true_code is executed. In case you decide to use this, remember that these statements should either be independent or mutually exclusive. Below is the generic syntax of If Then Else construct in VBA. However, for readability, you may want to use a Select Case statement rather than multiple levels of nested If...Then...Else statements. But what if you want to show a message in both the cases, whether a student passed or failed the exam. If the student scores less than 35, the message to display is ‘Fail’, if the score is more than or equal to 35, the message to display is ‘Pass’. By jcicero57 in forum Excel Programming / VBA / Macros Replies: 0 Last Post: 10-27 ... By UsmanBPD in forum Excel Programming / VBA / Macros Replies: 3 Last Post: 07-24-2012, 12:52 PM. In all the examples above, we have used the conditions that check whether a value equal to a specified value or not. Suppose you have a student’s score in cell A1 and you want to check whether the student passed the exam or not (passing marks threshold being 35). To apply the formula, you have to follow the above process. Different languages have different syntaxes for nested if statements. Instead of multiple If Else If statement we use the Select Case statement to switch results. LinkBack URL; About LinkBacks; Thread Tools. Let’s start with the syntax. Wondering where the VBA code goes in your Excel workbook? When you split the IF statement into multiple lines, you need to tell VBA where the IF Then construct ends. So there is an ‘IF Then Else’ construct within an ‘IF Then Else’ construct. When you split the IF statement into multiple lines, you need to tell VBA where the IF Then construct ends. VBA If Statements allow you to test if expressions are TRUE or FALSE, running different code based on the results. A single IF function only analyze two criteria. End If End Sub . ©TrumpExcel.com – Free Online Excel Training, FREE EXCEL TIPS EBOOK - Click here to get your copy, Examples of Using IF Then Statement in VBA, Nested IF Then (Multiple IF Then statements), Example 1 – Save and Close All Workbooks Except The Active Workbook, Example 2 – Highlight Cells with Negative Values, Example 3 – Hide All the Worksheet Except the Current Worksheet, Example 4 – Extract the Numeric Part from an Alphanumeric String, Working with Cells and Ranges in Excel VBA, Creating a Custom Function in Excel Using VBA, Excel VBA Events – An Easy (and Complete) Guide. Sub Macro2() If Range("B3") < Range("D3") Then Range("E3") = 45 MsgBox "Value1 is smaller than Value2" End if End Sub The subroutine above saves the number 45 to cell E3 if the value in cell B3 is smaller than the value in D3. You can use the If...Then...Else statement to run a specific statement or a block of statements, depending on the value of a condition. Conditional Statements in Excel VBA - Select Case Statement (VBA), Using To & Is keywords, Option Compare Setting, Nesting Personally, I prefer the first one as it has a logical flow of checking the scores (but that’s just me). In case you don’t use End IF when required, VBA will show you an error – “Block IF without END IF”. Hence you need to use the End IF statement. Go to Insert and click on Module. In this tutorial, I’ll show you different ways the ‘If Then Else’ construct can be used in Excel VBA, and some practical examples in action. But when the IF condition is FALSE, the code jumps to the Else part and executes the code block in it. An If or ElseIf statement inside another If or ElseIf statement (s). Multiple IF statements are also known as “ Nested IF Statement ” is a formula containing 2 or more IF functions. Try replacing your 4th code line i.eSet xCell = Range(“Sheet2!A1”) with Set xCell = Range(“A1:A10) for a range as asked above. Dim xCell As Range Dim xTime As Variant On Error Resume Next Set xCell = Range(“Sheet2!A1”) On Error Resume Next, If xCell.Font.Color = vbRed Then xCell.Font.Color = vbWhite Else xCell.Font.Color = vbRed End If xTime = Now + TimeSerial(0, 0, 1) Application.OnTime xTime, “‘” & ThisWorkbook.Name & “‘!StartBlink”, , True End Sub. In case you want to quickly hide all the worksheets except the active one, you can use the below code: The above code uses the For Each loop to go through a collection of worksheets. If I need to grade students, I can easily do that using Excel functions. If the name is not the same as that of the Active workbook, it saves and closes it. IF THEN is a simple form of VBA statement. In the practical example, you will catch the logic.Assume you have a value in the cell A2 and you want to check whether the number is greater than 100 or not. We want to buy 7 motorcycles. This is helpful when the code that you need to run in case the IF condition is true is long and consists of multiple lines. Also the words are not case sensitive. Suppose this time, instead of just displaying the message Pass/Fail, we have one more condition. To see a practical example of using <>, have a look at Example 1 below. In this lesson, I’m going to show you, how you can use multiple if statements in VBA in a few different examples. But when we split it into more than one line, we need to use the End If statement. The same logic can be built in VBA using the If Then Else statement as well (and of course do a lot more than just highlighting grades). View Profile … very readable. An example of Excel VBA If..Else with And operator If you have multiple expressions to check in the If statement and all have to be True in order to execute the code, you may do this by using the ‘And’ operator. Not equal to represented by <> the Excel VBA. The IF-THEN-ELSE statement is a built-in function in Excel that is categorized as a Logical Function. )Right-click “This Workbook” in the Project Explorer (upper-left of VBA Editor) and select Insert ⇒ Module.In the Code window (right panel) type the following and press ENTER.We wa… By that, you may use two or more expressions. This type of nesting allows you to check for multiple conditions and run the relevant block of code. The inner If statements are executed based on the outermost If statements. The first way will work, but it’s not the elegant one. In this article, we will see the syntax, uses and examples of the Case Statement. Once we have the logic correct, we will apply the logic to a range of cells using a looping structure.In Excel, open the VBA Editor by pressing F-11 (or press the Visual Basic button on the Developer ribbon. Note that the Else part of this statement is optional. If it’s more than 35, it shows the message – “Pass”. and Select … Case statements. You May Also Like the Following Excel Tutorials: I tried using the below vba code in an excel sheet. In Excel VBA, IF Then Else statement allows you to check for a condition, and perform an action accordingly. To give you a simple example, suppose you have a list of grades in Excel and you want to highlight all those students who have scored an A. With OR, even if one of the conditions are true, it will execute the true_code. In case you don’t use End IF when required, VBA will show you an error – “Block IF without END IF” Examples of Using IF Then Statement in VBA If you don’t see the Project Explorer go to the View tab and click on Project Explorer. The above code has a single line of IF statement that checks the value in cell A1. example shows a practical example of how you can use it in real life. The formula is … Copy and paste the code in the module window. The Microsoft Excel IF-THEN-ELSE statement can only be used in VBA code. 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