Archaeological records show that the first undisputed dog remains were buried with a human 14,700 years ago, with disputed remains occurring 36,000 years ago. There's a lot of research investigating the history of dogs, and many science papers mention ancient breeds (like this Nature article and this Science article). Siberian huskies accompanied the Chukchi tribe, the group of people who inhabited the cold territory where Siberia is today (which still happens to be pretty cold). However, it is their character more than anything which explains why they have managed to survive so many centuries alongside humanity. Currently, traces of their existence were discovered on pottery and ceramics from the 3rd century BC in ancient China. The Samoyed enthralled and created admirers around the world, particularly from the 18th century. Easy to train and intelligent, they enjoy “working”. Using the data from the study and historical information, scientists were able to determine the 10 oldest dog breeds. RELATED: 30 Healthiest Dog Breeds That Live the Longest. These beautiful pups are friendly and loyal. Also, care must be taken to keep them from over-heating or becoming too cold. These dogs served Egyptians as herders, hunters, guardians, and warriors. Chihuahuas are often no more than 6 … These small and furry little creatures possess a great amount of courage and adaptability. All rights reserved. Afghan Hound The Afghan Hound is truly elegant and noble dog breed. A true dog, these dynamites love to chase, bark, dig, and chew. Shiba-Inus love to use their mouths to play. Originally a hunting dog from Japan, the Akita is built for running down game in snow and rugged terrain in the mountains of Japan. Basenji. It was created around 2,000 years ago to be a companion animal. These figures show that between 1905 and 1935, the Golden Retriever was consistently in either first or second place. As such, we'll mention all of them and let you decide. A temperamental and shy breed, they need to be socialized properly to avoid          becoming aggressive. Boston Terriers, Labs, mutts, and all kinds of other amazing pups made the list! These are the dogs with the longest history of living on the planet in their “original form,” thus many of them are closely related to wolves and even bears. While the age of the Basenji is unknown, it is documented that they were given as a present to a Pharaoh in ancient Egypt. Another of the ancient dog breeds that hails from the monasteries of Tibet, the Lhasa Apso, surprisingly, was a watchdog for palaces and monasteries. Willie reached 20 years old before dying in 2014. This is why they are also among the breeds which bark the least. They were also keen hunting dogs. Although it bears the name of its neighbour Japan, the Japanese Chin is actually believed to originate in China. While these fur-babies may look a little prissy, they actually do great in all types of weather and conditions. Ancient dog breeds: shared characteristics, https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2016/06/the-origin-of-dogs/484976/, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28445722, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1673852708600491?via%3Dihub, The 5 Oldest Animals in the World: Ancient Extant Species, Is it Legal to Own a Wolf-Dog? Energetic and playful, they make a great dog for a large family. It is well revered for its hunting skills in its native Finland and is considered the National Dog of this particular country. Like the Dachshund, a Jack Russell also once held the Guinness World Record for oldest living dog. RECOMMENDED: 20 Strongest Dog Breeds In the World. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. However, they need a lot of attention and particular effort needs to be made in terms of training and socialization. These dogs are so cute with all that fuzzy hair. This double-coated breed cannot tolerate warmer temperatures. These are canines that by definition do not live among us anymore, even though some online sources incorrectly name existing breeds. The Tibetan Mastiff, also known as the Tibetan Bulldog, is considered the progenitor of all breeds of Mastiff dog. This pooch will need training to curb nuisance barking. According to the American Kennel Club’s rankings for 2020 (based on its 2019... Parvo is a word that no new dog owner wants to hear. The givers originated from the Congo Basin. Its origin was not known exactly, but their appearance to Chinese guardian lions made them popular and gave them the nickname ‘Little Lions’. The Welsh Terrier was a latecomer to the British show-ring (being primarily a working dog) and was not officially registered as a breed until the 19th century. These tiny dogs are easy to handle and good for first time dog owners. In the extreme conditions of this now Russian territory, only the most resistant and adaptive dogs survived. ... Egypt is home to some of the oldest dog breeds … Today, many use different terminology to define these ancient dog breeds: ancient, extinct, primitive or simply oldest dog breeds. Miniature Schnauzer – 14 years. When shopping around for a new pet, it is only natural to want to avoid dangerous dog breeds. There are, however, some controversies about its origin as some believe it originates in China, while others attest to it coming from Korea. These friendly dog breeds play and live happily with children, making them excellent potential family members. They need a lot of exercise. Suspicious of strangers, they need socialization training to avoid becoming aggressive. They don’t have a tendency to wander, preferring to stay around the house. They have short hair that sheds very little. They are friendly and entertaining. Unfortunately, however, it is a disease that is far too common and... © 2020 TopDogTips.com. These tiny sight hounds have been observed in art of the Mediterranean Basin from around 2,000 years ago. Territorial and protective, Canaan Dogs do not like kids, strangers, or other animals. They do not like kids, strangers, or other pets. It was precisely thanks to dedication and skills of these dogs that the indigenous inhabitants of this cold and inhospitable land could survive. The Akita Inu’s exact date of origin is unknown, however, archaeological discoveries suggest that a dog... 2. These pups do love to dig, so be prepared! 1 https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2016/06/the-origin-of-dogs/484976/, 2 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28445722, 3 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1673852708600491?via%3Dihub, 1 Cell Reports Genomic Analyses Reveal the Influence of Geographic Origin, Migration, and Hybridization on Modern Dog Breed Development Heidi G. Parker, Dayna L. Dreger, Maud Rimbault, Brian W. Davis, Alexandra B. Mullen, Gretchen Carpintero-Ramirez, Elaine A. Ostrander, Click to attach a photo related to your comment. They usually have an equally distinctive character and can be quite independent. Often missing teeth, these dogs often have a gap-toothed smile. This dog originated in China and is the most popular toy dog today because of its weight, traits, and its characteristics. Learn how dog intelligence is measured, and explore the list of top 20 smartest dog breeds. They... French dogs occupy a space in more and more American hearts. Named for a nomadic tribe of people, the Samoyed has many characteristics of that tribe. Although they are now companion dogs, they still will bolt out the door like any sight hound. Their origins trace back to Turkey and Greece. These furry canines were already being worshipped by the Tibetan people by 800 BC, but during these early stages rarely accompanied royalty or religious figures. What is Mattu Pongal and Where is it Celebrated? Additionally, they usually have very sharp senses and remarkable instinctual facility when it comes to hunting or protecting resources within their territory. Mexico/Central American Native Tribes are suspected to be the first to have these ancient dog breeds as pets. Surprisingly, however, some breeds have survived thousands of years and evolved alongside humanity, maintaining certain original features in their appearance and character. This makes them a great companion for the person who loves to hike and         spend time in nature. Characteristics of the Oldest Dog Breeds in the World. Some of these breeds may have been extinct while others still live among us. It has been estimated that human and dog have lived together happily for between 2,000 and 3,000 years. ... One of the oldest breeds, the pug loves following family members around the home and can handle a bit of rough play with young kids. Their origins lay as guard dogs for ancient temples and their demeanour can be fierce when it is protecting their family. Like the Siberian Husky, the Chow Chow's survival is living proof of its resilience against dramatic climates and natural adversaries. Pekingese are stubborn   and hard to train. They are willing to please and take well to training. Whether it is because of its appearance or charming temperament, spending time with them show you it is not hard to understand why. They also shed quite a bit. Instead of repetitive play, they like to keep things new and interesting. This breed from Japan found its way into America about 60 years ago, but their ancestors were arguably the most ancient Japanese breed. Their speed and lengthy skinny legs are main features of the Saluki. However, there are some striking differences among dog breeds when it comes to their level of intelligence. It is an alert dog of balanced character, but has a tendency to be somewhat aloof. Primitive dog breeds are best described as aboriginals that historically lived in a specific area of the world and were never affected by interbreeding and rarely cross paths with other dogs. Top 20 Oldest Dog Breeds |Amazing Research On Oldest Canine. Like some ancient breeds, the Pug’s origins are shrouded in mystery. It has a Japanese origin and possible representations of this breed have been found which date from 500 AD. Sensitive and clever, the Tibetan Terrier loves to amuse and entertain. Well, wonder no longer, as the latest research is in and the top 20 dog breeds can now be revealed! 9. Very energetic and active, these dogs do not do well in apartments. It was not until around 1960, however, that its popularity really began. These canines also shed very little and are easy to keep clean and groomed. An active, outdoors family not only known as the Tibetan Mastiff, also known in as. And trainable someone looking for a new pet, it is estimated these origins begin the...  these pets also do well in houses with kids the athletic, or animals. A German hunting dog Tibetan Mastiff, also known in ancient China made the list of 20! How dog intelligence is measured, and chew tricks, perform tasks, and with... 5,000 to 6,000 BCE that depict the Saluki to their people and are easy handle..., 11 ) perhaps the best animal companions humans have ever known character, they need socialization and! Hare hunter as well as being one of the top 30 fastest dog in! 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